Jaco Malan

The Lung Meridian:
The lung meridian is second only to the heart meridian among the 12 Principal Meridians. It is called the “Prime Minister” and assists with controlling energy and circulating the blood. The lungs and the heart are seen to work in conjunction with blood and energy, being complementary parts of the living system. This connection has led the lungs to also be called “The Priest” and the “Minister of Heaven.” The lungs also control the skin and perspiration.
This meridian generates what is known as the radiant energy. This control puts the lungs in the front line for fighting external disease. The lungs also connect the mind to the body through breathing. Qigong is designed to strengthen this bond and focuses on the lung meridian.
Imbalances in the lung meridian can cause upper respiratory infection, breathing dysfunction, and skin problems. An imbalance can also cause despair and anxiety.
The lung meridian begins at the front of the shoulder. It notches up before running down the top of the inner arm and ending at the corner of the thumbnail.
Element: Metal
Direction: West
Season: Autumn
Climate: Dry
Cultivation: Reaping
Sense Organ: Nose
Sense: Smell
Tissue: Skin and Hair
Positive Emotion: Courage
Negative Emotion: Grief
Flavor: Pungent (Umami)
Color: White
Sound: Crying
Smell: Rotten
Time: 3 a.m. – 5 a.m.
Opposite: Bladder
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Chest to Hand
Number of Acupoints: 11
Base 44: 6. 10. 11. 13. 39.      Base 10: 2. 8. 2. 7. 3.

Large Intestine Meridian:
The large intestine is in charge of making solid waste from liquid. Known as the “Master of Transportation,” it is the final organ before solid waste is eliminated. The large intestine works closer with its paired organ than most. The lungs move the large intestine by breathing. The large intestine balances the body’s fluids and works with the lungs in perspiration.
An imbalance in the large intestine meridian can cause constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Depression and excessive worry can also be caused by an imbalance of this meridian.
The large intestine meridian starts at the outside of the index fingernail. It travels up the top of the arm before crossing to the back of the shoulder. It crosses back over the shoulder, runs up the throat, and ends just below the nose.
Element: Metal
Direction: West
Season: Autumn
Climate: Dry
Cultivation: Reaping
Sense Organ: Nose
Sense: Smell
Tissue: Skin and Hair
Positive Emotion: Courage
Negative Emotion: Grief
Flavor: Pungent (Umami)
Color: Off-White
Sound: Crying
Smell: Rotten
Time: 5 a.m. – 7 a.m.
Opposite: Kidney
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Hand to Face
Number of Acupoints: 20
Base 44: 2. 11. 13. 13. 43.      Base 10: 2. 9. 7. 8. 9.

Stomach Meridian:
The stomach is in charge of elemental balance. Called the “Sea of Nourishment” and the “Minister of the Mill,” it is the start of digestion. Because of the umbilical cord, it is also called the “Root of Postnatal Life.” The stomach is tasked with extracting the energy from food and beverages.
Working with the spleen, the stomach transports the energy throughout the Meridian System. The stomach also uses the different types of food eaten to balance the five elemental energies.
An imbalance with the stomach meridian will cause energetic deficiencies across the Meridian System. It can also cause mania, confusion, or anxiety.
The stomach meridian begins under the eye, next to the nose. It descends before following the jawline up to the skull. It then drops and flows down the throat, chest, and abdomen. Continuing, it runs down the front of the legs and feet before ending at the big toe’s outside edge.
Element: Earth
Direction: Center
Season: Late Summer
Climate: Damp
Cultivation: Transforming
Sense Organ: Mouth
Sense: Taste
Tissue: Muscles
Positive Emotion: Compassion
Negative Emotion: Anxiety
Flavor: Sweet
Color: Yellow
Sound: Singing
Smell: Fragrant
Time: 7 a.m. – 9 a.m.
Opposite: Pericardium
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Face to Foot
Number of Acupoints: 45
Base 44: 3. 9. 11. 16. 37.      Base 10: 10. 9. 5. 8. 3.

Spleen Meridian:
This meridian includes the pancreas and is in part responsible for digestion. The spleen meridian is referred to as the “Minister of the Granary.” Nutrients from food and beverages are extracted by enzymes produced in the spleen and pancreas. The meridian regulates the quantity and the quality of blood in circulation.
The spleen meridian works with the lung meridian to generate True Human Energy. This meridian is affected by the tone of muscles and affects them in turn. The spleen meridian is responsible for logical and analytical thinking. It is also the first meridian in memory formation.
Imbalances in the spleen meridian can be diagnosed from the mouth. Red, moist lips indicate an excess of splenetic energy while pale, dry lips indicate the opposite. A bad temper and moodiness are associated with splenetic imbalances.
The spleen meridian begins at the tip of the big toe and travels up the inside of the leg. It moves in and out the stomach until it travels up the side of the body and ends underneath the front of the shoulder.
Element: Earth
Direction: Center
Season: Late Summer
Climate: Damp
Cultivation: Transforming
Sense Organ: Mouth
Sense: Taste
Tissue: Muscles
Positive Emotion: Compassion
Negative Emotion: Anxiety
Flavor: Sweet
Color: Yellow
Sound: Singing
Smell: Fragrant
Time: 9 a.m. – 11 a.m.
Opposite: Triple Warmer
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Foot to Chest
Number of Acupoints: 21
Base 44: 7. 9. 14. 14. 15.      Base 10: 6. 5. 5. 9. 2.

Heart Meridian:
The “King of the Organs,” the heart is the house of the vital essence. It commands all of the other organs and emotions. The heart is also seen as the seat of the mind. It works with many organs to regulate circulation and maintain a healthy mental state. If the heart is imbalanced, all the other organs and meridians will suffer. It is also seen as primary in the defense against disease.
The tongue is used in diagnosing heart imbalances. Speech impediments or being mute is considered to have been caused by an imbalance in the heart meridian. As a source of bodily heat and circulation of the blood, a pallid facial complexion can also diagnose heart meridian imbalances.
All manner of mental and emotional issues can also occur from an imbalance of the heart meridian.
The heart meridian begins near the armpit and runs down the lower inner arm before ending at the tip of the little finger.
Element: Fire
Direction: South
Season: Summer
Climate: Heat
Cultivation: Growth
Sense Organ: Tongue
Sense: Touch
Tissue: Vessels
Positive Emotion: Joy
Negative Emotion: Arrogance
Flavor: Bitter
Color: Red
Sound: Laughter
Smell: Scorched
Time: 11 a.m. – 1 p.m.
Opposite: Gall Bladder
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Chest to Hand
Number of Acupoints: 9
Base 44: 5. 10. 12. 16. 38.      Base 10: 10. 1. 3. 9. 2.

Small Intestine Meridian:
Responsible for receiving food during the digestion process, the small intestine are known as the “Minister of Reception.” It separates impurities from the food before passing the waste on and also absorbs water.
It should come as no surprise that the small intestine meridian is responsible for digestion. But, this meridian also works with the heart meridian.
It controls the basic emotions and the Chinese equivalent of “a broken heart” is “broken intestines.” The meridian also works with the pituitary gland, also known as the “master gland,” to regulate growth and the endocrine system.
Imbalance in the small intestine meridian can cause emaciation and pain in the abdomen. It can also lead to poor reasoning ability and restlessness.
Starting at the tip of the little finger, the small intestine meridian runs up the lower back of the arm. It zig-zags at the back of the shoulder before ascending up the side of the neck. At the cheek it moves outward ending at the front of the ear.
Element: Fire
Direction: South
Season: Summer
Climate: Heat
Cultivation: Growth
Sense Organ: Tongue
Sense: Touch
Tissue: Vessels
Positive Emotion: Joy
Negative Emotion: Arrogance
Flavor: Bitter
Color: Pink Red
Sound: Laughter
Smell: Scorched
Time: 1 p.m. – 3 p.m.
Opposite: Liver
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Hand to Face
Number of Acupoints: 19
Base 44: 3. 11. 13. 13. 33.      Base 10: 8. 1. 3. 7. 3.

Bladder Meridian:
The bladder is referred to as the “Minister of the Reservoir.” While the organ only stores and eliminates liquid waste, the energetic function involves balancing the autonomous nervous system. This is in part because the bladder meridian spans the height of the body and runs alongside the spinal column. The bladder plays a role in regulating the sympathetic and parasympathetic responses.
An imbalance of the bladder meridian can cause lower back pain or lower back weakness as well as urinary problems. A bladder meridian imbalance can also cause one to be fearful or stubborn.
The bladder meridian begins at the inner eye and runs up the skull where is works outwards before running down the back. The meridian then follows the hip and sacral nerves before running down the back of the leg and ends outside of the baby toe.
Element: Water
Direction: North
Season: Winter
Climate: Cold
Cultivation: Hibernate
Sense Organ: Ears
Sense: Hearing
Tissue: Bones
Positive Emotion: Gentleness
Negative Emotion: Fear
Flavor: Salty
Color: Deep Black
Sound: Groaning
Smell: Putrid
Time: 3 p.m. – 5 p.m.
Opposite: Lung
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Face to Foot
Number of Acupoints: 67
Base 44: 4. 9. 10. 11. 13.      Base 10: 3. 3. 4. 9. 3.

Kidney Meridian:
In TCM, the kidney is seen as one of the most important organs. This organ includes the adrenal glands and the sex glands of men and women. It is known as the “Minister of Power” as well as the “Root of Life.” It is tasked with storing the prenatal energy as well as the essential vital energy for life. The kidney also works at regulating the brain and plays an important role in the formation of memories and rationality.
An imbalance in the kidneys can cause impotency or an immune deficiency. It can also lead to a poor memory or an inability to think clearly. Diagnosis of kidney meridian imbalances are done by examining the eyes and hearing. Back pain and a short attention span also indicated a kidney meridian imbalance.
The kidney meridian starts at the sole of the foot and runs along the inner edge before looping around the ankle. It ascends the inner leg and runs up the central torso before ending at the inner collarbone.
Element: Water
Direction: North
Season: Winter
Climate: Cold
Cultivation: Hibernate
Sense Organ: Ears
Sense: Hearing
Tissue: Bones
Positive Emotion: Gentleness
Negative Emotion: Fear
Flavor: Salty
Color: Black
Sound: Groaning
Smell: Putrid
Time: 7 p.m. – 9 p.m.
Opposite: Large Intestine
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Foot to Chest
Number of Acupoints: 27
Base 44: 9. 13. 13. 44. 44. Base 10: 2. 3. 6. 3. 10.

Pericardium Meridian:
While not an organ, the pericardium corresponds to an actual part of the body. The pericardium is a protective sack encircling the heart. It also assists the triple-heart warmer with its functions. It is one of the two principal meridians not associated with a major organ. Its protection extends beyond the physical to include the mental, emotional, and spiritual.
It is also responsible for regulating circulation of the blood.The pericardium meridian also links the emotional feelings of love with the physical act of sex.
Imbalances can cause problems with the heart, chest, stomach, and mind. Imbalances with the pericardium meridian are often caused by extreme, sustained outbursts of emotion.
This meridian begins in the middle of the chest and descends to the diaphragm. It also branches out from the chest and runs along the interior of the arm, ending at the tip of the middle fingernail.
Element: Fire
Direction: South
Season: Summer
Climate: Heat
Cultivation: Growth
Sense Organ: Tongue
Sense: Touch
Tissue: Vessels
Positive Emotion: Joy
Negative Emotion: Arrogance
Flavor: Bitter
Color: Purple Red
Sound: Laughter
Smell: Scorched
Time: 7 p.m. – 9 p.m.
Opposite: Stomach
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Chest to Hand
Number of Acupoints: 9
Base 44: 7. 8. 10. 12. 44.      Base 10: 3. 3. 2. 8. 10.

Triple-Warmer Meridian:
The Triple-Warmer or Triple-Burner Meridian is the second primary meridian not associated with an organ. Still, it is similar to the thyroid in that it controls the metabolism. It is not strictly limited to the energetic metabolism, though. It is also involved in digestion and waste processing.
As the name suggests, there are three parts to the triple warmer: the upper, middle, and lower. The upper warmer runs from the base of the tongue to the stomach. It controls bodily intake of food, water, and oxygen. The middle burner starts at the stomach and ends at the pyloric valve. It is responsible for digestion and transformation for use by the body. The lower burner then splits, ending at the anus and urinary tract. It handles the elimination of wastes.
When out of balance, disorders with the sense organs and side of the head can occur.
The triple-warmer’s meridian begins at the tip of the ring finger. It runs up the back of the arm and crosses the trapezius, ending at the collarbone.
Element: Fire
Direction: South
Season: Summer
Climate: Heat
Cultivation: Growth
Sense Organ: Tongue
Sense: Touch
Tissue: Vessels
Positive Emotion: Joy
Negative Emotion: Arrogance
Flavor: Bitter
Color: Orange Red
Sound: Laughter
Smell: Scorched
Time: 9 p.m. – 11 p.m.
Opposite: Spleen
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Hand to Face
Number of Acupoints: 23
Base 44: 3. 5. 12. 14. 33.      Base 10: 9. 8. 1. 6. 9.

Gallbladder Meridian:
The gallbladder meridian can be seen almost as the body’s janitor. This is not an insult as the ancient Chinese called it the “Honorable Minister.” The gallbladder secretes bile to aid in digestion for muscular energy and works with the lymphatic system to clear out lactic acid. It follows that the gallbladder meridian is in part responsible for muscular health.
The gallbladder meridian is responsible for daring and decisive mental states. The aphorism “a lot of gall,” reflects this belief even in ancient Western cultures.
An imbalance in the gallbladder meridian generates more mental afflictions than physical. Such an imbalance to lead to insomnia and stiffness of the muscles. It can also cause poor judgment, timidity, and indecision.
The gallbladder meridian begins on the outer corner of the eye. It zig-zags up and down above the ear and over the eye before running down the back of the skull. It descends down the side of the body, continuing down the outside of the leg, and ends on the outer edge of the 4th toe.
Element: Wood
Direction: East
Season: Spring
Climate: Windy
Cultivation: Germinate
Sense Organ: Eyes
Sense: Sight
Tissue: Tendons
Positive Emotion: Kindness
Negative Emotion: Anger
Flavor: Sour
Color: Yellow Green
Sound: Shouting
Smell: Scorched
Time: 11 p.m. -1 a.m.
Opposite: Heart
Yin/Yang: Yang
Flow Direction: Down
Origin/Ending: Face to Foot
Number of Acupoints: 44
Base 44: 5. 8. 9. 10. 10.      Base 10: 3. 4. 1. 9. 2.

Liver Meridian:
The liver is considered one of the primary organs in TCM. It is called the “Chief of Staff” of the “General”.
This is in part because the liver transforms nutrients into usable substances that the body uses for energy. The liver is also called this because it detoxifies the blood.
The liver meridian is in charge of the peripheral nervous system as well as the ligaments and tendons. Hypertension and the inability to relax are caused by an imbalance in the liver meridian. Liver imbalances are diagnosed by examining the eyes or fingernails and toenails. Imbalance of this meridian can also cause anger issues.
The liver meridian originates at the inside of the big toe. It runs along the instep of the foot and up the inner leg. At the hip, it dips toward the genitals before ascending. At the lower abdomen, the liver meridian zags out and up to the ribs before moving back to the center and ascending to its end point at the nipple.
Element: Wood
Direction: East
Season: Spring
Climate: Windy
Cultivation: Germinate
Sense Organ: Eyes
Sense: Sight
Tissue: Tendons
Positive Emotion: Kindness
Negative Emotion: Anger
Flavor: Sour
Color: Deep Green
Sound: Shouting
Smell: Scorched
Time: 1 a.m. – 3 a.m.
Opposite: Small Intestine
Yin/Yang: Yin
Flow Direction: Up
Origin/Ending: Foot to Chest
Number of Acupoints: 14
Base 44: 11. 11. 12. 41. 44.      Base 10: 10. 5. 5. 2. 10.

Governing Vessel:
Though not one of the 12 Principal Meridians, the governing vessel is often reflexed in acupuncture. Called “The Sea of Yang Meridians,” the governing vessel controls the yang meridians. It also controls the Guardian Qi, and both are associated with the immune system and the ability to fight off external disease. It is also said to be the “fire” of the body and responsible for body heat.
The governing vessel also works with the kidneys to regulate the brain. Along with the conception vessel, it is one of the two most important meridians in TCM.
The governing vessel begins at the base of the pelvis and travels up the back, over the top of the head to right above the upper lip.
The governing vessel has 28 acupoints.
Base 44: 3. 9. 13. 14. 20.      Base 10: 8. 5. 8. 1. 4.

Conception Vessel:
Much like the governing vessel, the conception vessel is not one of the 12 principal meridians. Also like the governing vessel, the conception vessel is manipulated often in acupuncture. It is also known as the “Sea of Yin Meridians.” It receives the Qi from the yin meridians before distributing it to the yang meridians. The conception vessel is responsible for circulating Qi throughout the body. It also controls the reproductive cycle and libido.
The conception vessel helps control the 7 year life cycle. It also generates the Guardian Qi that the governing vessel controls. It is one of the two most important meridians in TCM and is the first to be trained.
The conception vessel begins at the base of the pelvis and travels up the front of the body to the lower lip. It is one of the primary meridians in the TCM practice of Qigong.
The conception vessel has 24 acupoints.
Base 44: 1. 8. 10. 13. 13. Base 10: 1. 4. 3. 6. 9.

Yin Wei Mai:
The Yin Wei allows energetic access to the Neiguan, the inner gate to the self. Heart pain (physical or emotional) is a major symptom that we
are not fulfilling our life’s destiny. The Yin Wei Mai can clear this stagnation. Psychospiritually, this vessel is concerned with the
meaning that we derive from life, and helps us to respond to life with clarity and compassion. It allows us to link our past and our future and
to help the aging process. I find the Yin Wei very helpful in patients that just need some extra TLC.
Base 44: 2. 3. 4. 7. 8.      Base 10: 1. 1. 1. 2. 2.

Yang Wei Mai:
The Yang Wei dominates the exterior of the body, and is relevant in conditions of chills and fever. It is also helpful for ear issues, arthritis (bi syndrome), tossing and  turning, watery itchy ears/eyes/mouth, low back pain and one-sided pain.
Energetically, it regulates our old habits and patterns, and the release of these pre-established modes of behavior that prevent us from evolving. The Yang Wei Mai will help us move ahead in life.
Psychospiritually, since the Yang Wei Mai represents the last stage of defense before the body is penetrated by an invading pathogen, this
meridian can be used to treat issues of terminal illness, such as cancer or AIDS.
Base 44: 37. 41.      Base 10: 9. 10.

Yin Qiao Mai:
The Yin Qiao deals with energetic imbalances in this meridian, manifestations include left/right imbalance, inversion of the foot, osteoporosis, pain in the eyes, insomnia, somnolence, tumors, hypothyroid, and auto-immune issues.
Psychospiritually, there are issues of self-trust, abandonment, depression, syndrome of low self-esteem/self-destructive behavior, and feelings of unworthiness.
Base 44: 3. 6. 8. 8. 9.      Base 10: 1. 2. 2. 2. 2.

Yang Qiao Mai:
The Yang Qiao is useful with syndromes that include a sensation of “walking on a slant,” excessive thinking, and a generalized feeling of being overwhelmed and out-of-control. The Yang Qiao Mai treats conditions such as insomnia, hypertension, hyperthyroid, epilepsy, asthma, bladder issues, Parkinson’s, facial paralysis and Bell’s palsy (related to wind in the face).
Psychospiritually this meridian is useful for those that are in a constant state of rebellion, Type-A personality, activists, and those out to change the world. It is a representation of how we stand up to who we are and being comfortable with how we move in this world. The more one rebels, the more sick they will become…What you resist persists
Base 44: 2. 6. 8. 10. 13.      Base 10: 1. 2. 2. 3. 3.

Dai Mai: Belt Meridian:
The Dai Mai is the only meridian that runs horizontally – it encircles all the other meridians. The Dai is helpful with damp conditions, feeling as though the lower half of the body is submerged in water, phlegm, tumors, fibroids, prolapse uterus, muscle atrophy in the lower limbs, and low back pain.
Energetic issues involving the Dai Mai, can manifest in a person “near to tears” from frustration, indecision or low self-esteem. The Dai is the depository for post-natal junk, anything the body cannot transform will go into the Dai. When we need to make a decision and cannot decide we push it to the back of the mind. It is held in the Dai. To clear it we need to clear the accumulation and what happens when we clear emotions, we cry. The opening point Zulinqi (GB 41) is translated as the foot container of tears- an appropriate point for helping us let go of our deeply-held emotions. Juliao (GB 29) is often used to help as it gets us to move forward in life. Psychospiritually, this meridian is a repository for unexpressed emotions and psychological complexes that require transformation, secrets, traumatic issues, and Pandora’s box. The repression of these shadow aspects of the personality may give rise to dampness of body/mind/spirit.
Base 44: 1. 2. 13. 24. 26.      Base 10: 1. 1. 3. 6. 6.

Chakras:

Crown Chakra:
This chakra is situated at the crown (top) of the head, is associated with the hypothalamus and the epiphysis and regulates neuroendocrine secretions, circadian rhythms and homeostasis. The
energetic function is to impart structure, regulation and order to the entire system, including cyclical functions and the sleep-wake cycle.
Base 44: 12. 13. 14. 15. 15. 16.      Base 10: 6. 3. 7. 9. 6. 1.

Brow Chakra:
This chakra is situated between the eyebrows, is associated with the pituitary gland and regulates the hormonal functions within the body.
The energetic function is to create harmony and balance in one’s life.
This chakra also deals with all hormonal and endocrine issues, as the pituitary is the master gland and conductor of all endocrine organs.
Base 44: 2. 5. 8. 13. 16. 20.      Base 10: 7. 1. 5. 8. 7. 1.

Throat Chakra:
This chakra is situated in the throat region, is associated with the thyroid gland and regulates metabolic functions within the body. The energetic function is related to communication, expressing ourselves to the outside world and expressing our truth. This chakra also deals with metabolism, as the thyroid is the master gland of metabolism.
Base 44: 5. 9. 11. 13. 16. 17.      Base 10: 1. 7. 4. 1. 9. 1.

Heart Chakra:
This chakra is situated in the region of the heart, is associated with the thymus gland and regulates the immune system function in addition to the heart, lungs and circulation. The energetic function is developing trust and opening one’s heart to love: developing trust in self, trust in others, trust in life, and loving oneself, loving others, and loving life.
This chakra also deals with the immune system and allergies.
Base 44: 11. 14. 15. 15. 16. 16. Base 10: 7. 2. 1. 7. 8. 1.

Solar Plexus Chakra:
This chakra is situated in the upper abdomen, is associated with the pancreas and regulates the autonomic functions related to digestion.
The energetic function represents processing feelings and events that one has to digest (both physically and emotionally): absorption (taking in), assimilation (processing) and excretion (letting go).
Base 44: 8. 8. 14. 15. 15. 21.      Base 10: 9. 4. 4. 6. 9. 1.

Sacral Chakra:
This chakra is situated in the lower abdomen below the navel, is associated with the adrenal glands and regulates the autonomic function. The energetic function is to create and sustain balance, especially during stressful situations. This chakra also regulates water metabolism, adrenal hormones (adrenaline and cortisol), maintenance of mineral reserves, toxin excretion and functions with respect to behaviour during stress (fight or flight response).
Base 44: 12. 13. 13. 13. 14. 16.      Base 10: 4. 3. 6. 2. 3. 9.

Base Chakra:
This chakra is situated in the pelvic region, is associated with the ovaries and testes and regulates the autonomic functions of the pelvic organs. The energetic function is to be rooted and grounded, and provides vitality. It also involves basic (primal) trust and self-esteem.
Base 44: 5. 8. 11. 12. 12. 13.      Base 10: 8. 1. 9. 7. 6. 9.

Five Elements:

Yin Yang Balance:

Five Elements:

Earth:
An “earth personality” is someone who is nurturing, generous, and care giving. Their body structure may be round and fleshy. Earth personalities tend to be worrisome and pensive. Earth personalities may suffer from abdominal issues or hormonal problems.
Organ: Spleen, Stomach
Season: Late Summer/Harvest
Weather: Damp
Direction: Center
Emotion: Worry
Color: Yellow
Taste: Sweet
Sound: Singing
Sense Organ: Mouth, Lips
Sensation: Touch
Body Tissue: Muscles, Flesh
Base 44: 4. 7. 14. 14. 17.      Base 10: 9. 7. 8. 5. 4.

Metal:
A “metal personality” is someone who is meticulous, honest, and responsible. Their body structure may be somewhat angular and tall. Metal personalities tend to be melancholy. Metal personalities may suffer from constipation, lung & skin issues, or allergies.
Organ: Lung, Large Intestine
Season: Autumn
Weather: Dry
Direction: West
Emotion: Grief
Color: White
Taste: Spicy
Sound: Weeping
Sense Organ: Nose
Sensation: Smell
Body Tissue: Skin
Base 44: 6. 10. 11. 17. 20. Base 10: 9. 4. 4. 7. 7.

Water:
Water personalities are old souls. They are wise, reflective, and private. Their body structure may be puffy and round. Water personalities tend to be indecisive, fearful, and paranoid. Water personalities may suffer from back pain, knee pain, and kidney & bladder infections.
Organ: Kidney, Bladder
Season: Winter
Weather: Cold
Direction: North
Emotion: Fear
Color: Black, Dark Blue
Taste: Salty
Sound: Groaning
Sense Organ: Ear
Sensation: Hearing, Balance
Body Tissue: Bone, marrow (CNS)
Base 44: 8. 13. 14. 14. 17.      Base 10: 7. 3. 1. 8. 1.

Wood:
If you are a “Wood Personality,” you may be someone who is athletic, energetic, and adventurous. The body type of a wood personality is generally well-muscled. Wood personalities tend to be anxious and angry. Wood personalities may suffer from orthopedic issues, TMJ, migraines, or ADD.
Organs: Liver & Gallbladder
Season: Spring
Weather: Wind
Direction: East
Emotion: Anger
Color: Blue/Green
Taste: Sour
Sound: Shouting
Sense Organ: Eye
Sensation: Vision
Body Tissue: tendons, sinews
Base 44: 3. 4. 15. 17. 16.      Base 10: 8. 1. 9. 9. 7.

Fire:
A “fire personality” consists of someone who is passionate, creative, and authoritative. Their body structure may be round in the middle with a pointy top. Fire personalities tend to be impulsive and irritable. Fire personalities may suffer from insomnia, high blood pressure, chest pains, or headaches.
Organs: Heart, Small Intestine
Season: Summer
Weather: Heat
Direction: South
Emotion: Joy
Color: Red
Taste: Bitter, Burned
Sound: Laughing
Sense Organ: Tongue
Sensation: Taste
Body Tissue: Vessels
Base 44: 5. 5. 15. 15. 15.      Base 10: 4. 6. 9. 2. 9.